Affecting millions, the rise of substance abuse, particularly opioids, has become a global health crisis, the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Despite extensive scientific advances in understanding the complex biopsychosocial components of this phenomenon, there is no relief in sight. Yet, research studies during the past twenty years reveal an important role for spirituality and religion in prevention and recovery. The primary purpose of this article is to explore this role, examine various theories that have emerged about the positive influence of spirituality, and consider how an effective approach to prevention and treatment might be realized.
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Copyright © 2018 Abdu'l-Missagh Ghadirian, Shadi Salehian