Shoghi Effendi's Plans for Progress

How to Cite

Manning Thomas, J. “Shoghi Effendi’s Plans for Progress: Practical Lessons”. The Journal of Bahá’í Studies, vol. 7, no. 4, Dec. 1997, pp. 69-86, doi:10.31581/jbs-7.4.272(1997).


THis article first briefly explains the nature of "planning" and the role plans play in the Baha'i concept of governance and human progress. The Baha'i Faith is perhaps the most "planning-oriented" of all the major religions. Historical reasons explain the Baha'i orienattion toward plans, and the article will suggest a few of these reasons as well as indicate several ways in which Shoghi Effendi could be called a "planner." The second major part of this article describes four broad categories of guidance that Shoghi Effendi used when overseeing three global plans and suggests ways that Shoghi Effendi's example offers practical lessons for others who must plan for their lives, their communities, or their organizations. The article draws these lessons from an examination of letters and cables that Shoghi Effendi wrote in relation to three global plans initiated in the last phase of his lfe and to compare these findings with more general knowledge about the planning process, as interpreted through the academic planning literature and the author's experience. This article will explain the overall categories or "functiona components" that can be used to categorize planning components of Shoghi Effendi's efforts during three global plans.
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. If you wish to adapt, remix, transform, or build upon this work in any way, you may not distribute your work without first contacting the Editor for permission.

Copyright © 1997 June Manning Thomas