Religion and Evolution Reconciled
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Friberg, S., and C. Mehanian. “Religion and Evolution Reconciled: ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s Comments on Evolution”. The Journal of Bahá’í Studies, vol. 13, no. 1-4, Dec. 2003, pp. 55-93, doi:10.31581/jbs-13.1-4.3(2003).


The harmony of science and religion is a central teaching of the Bahá’í Faith that has important implications for the development of society and the emergence of a global civilization. Science and religion, “the two most potent forces in human life,” have often been at odds, most notably over evolution and the origins of man. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá has commented at length on evolution and man’s origins, providing the most extensive exploration of the harmony of science and religion in the Bahá’í canon. We systematically survey ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s teachings on evolution and show that He reconciles two viewpoints—evolution and divine creation—that other thinkers have deemed irremediably in conflict.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. If you wish to adapt, remix, transform, or build upon this work in any way, you may not distribute your work without first contacting the Editor for permission.

Copyright © 2003 Stephan R. Friberg, Courosh Mehanian